Minimum time of debarment to discourage corruption: the Operation Car Wash case
ResumoThe current scenario of Brazilian corruption,characterized, among other points, by the cartel actionin Petrobras public tenders for more than a decade,involving the largest construction companies in thecountry in schemes of fraudulent contracts, generatingsignifi cant overbilling in the largest national constructionsites, forges a context in which the time ofdebarment repute needs to be adequately adjusted toprovide an incentive design that allows the continuityof the institution of leniency agreements and, at thesame time, to bring the necessary deterrent effect incorrupt companies. Faced with this reality, this article,based on the theory involved in the Law and Economicsand the Economics of Crime, used an investmentanalysis technique called net present value to quantifythe necessary period of debarment that would leadthe criminal option to not be a rational investmentanymore. As a result, in the concrete case of one of theconstruction companies involved in the cartel that operatedin Petrobras, it is concluded that the attributionof debarment repute penalties of less than one yearwould bring a scenario where the crime of corruptionwould compensate.
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